I research and teach international development with a focus on interventions that address urban slum conditions in African cities. My most recent project examines the idea of intractable problems in development. I examine global urban slum conditions and why interventions such as World Bank financing of slum upgrading seem to do little to address the problem. I have researched real property rights and in particular homeownership and its effects on the poor in Cape Town, Luanda, Lusaka, and Nairobi. I also research housing interventions in the United States, specifically the housing first model as a solution to chronic homelessness. My colleague Professor Rebecca Galemba and I received a grant from IRISE to conduct research on women and people of color in the construction trades in the Denver metro area.